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US Sports Betting Legalization Tracker - Where to Bet

Where you can bet on sports in the US? This sports betting legalization tracker will tell you which states offer licensed sportsbooks and where you can’t bet.

Where can I bet on sport? That’s a question we get asked all the time and with good reason. It can be difficult to wrap your head around, given that betting is state-based and there are places you can make wagers and places where you can’t.

With this in mind, we've done the hard work for you and summed up which locations are prime for legalized betting and which states are simply a no-go in this handy tracker. Not only that, but we’ll take you through the history of sports betting laws in the US and also highlight which states are on the cusp of regulatory change.

US Sports Betting Regulations

This history class is about to get a bit technical, so stick with us here. US sports betting exploded in 2018 after the Supreme Court struck down the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act of 1992 (PASPA). This federal law had previously prevented states from invoking their Tenth Amendment rights. But what exactly does that mean? In simple terms, the Tenth Amendment gives states the power to enact certain laws that trump federal mandates.

PASPA was a federal law that banned sports betting in all US states, except for Nevada. It also gave Oregon, Delaware, and Montana the ability to offer sports lotteries. This meant sports betting (except horse racing, which is a different topic altogether) was illegal in 46 states. That was, however, until certain states fought back. Most notable in its contempt for PASPA was New Jersey (everything is legal in New Jersey... as a certain famous musical says).

Garden State senator Raymond Lesniak first challenged PASPA in 2009. He argued that allowing four states to offer sports betting while stopping 46 others from doing the same was discriminatory and unconstitutional. The case was dismissed because only New Jersey Governor Chris Christie could file such a case. Well, Christie took up the challenge after the state voted in favor of local sports betting laws in 2010.

By 2012, New Jersey had legalized online sports betting, but it wasn’t allowed to offer any services to customers because of PASPA. Christie continued the fight and, eventually, in 2018, his successor, Philip Murphy turned the tide. The Supreme Court heard Murphy vs National Collegiate Athletic Association and ruled in favor of the former. This ruling struck down PASPA, which meant any state in the US could offer sports betting if local laws were passed.

The verdict was a seminal moment for sports fans in the US and, moreover, the US gambling industry. Online poker and casino gaming had been classed as a state issue since 2011 when the Department of Justice issued a formal opinion on the Wire Act. Before that, it was assumed that “wire communications” were illegal and, therefore, online casino gaming and poker were illegal. But, the DOJ declared that the Wire Act only applied to sports betting and, specifically, only communications sent across state lines.

This gave rise to online poker and casino sites in various US states. Then, thanks to the Supreme Court ruling on PASPA, sports betting was legalized, because it’s contained within state lines.

So now, we’re now in a position where online poker, casino gaming, and sports betting are legal in the US on a state-by-state basis. The question is, which states? Here's where our handy sports betting tracker comes into play. The list below is constantly being updated, so you’ll always know which US states offer legal sports betting and which ones are considering it.

Check out the states where you can bet

Legal status of betting across statesAlaskaHawaiiAlabamaArkansasArizonaCaliforniaColoradoConnecticutDelawareFloridaGeorgiaIowaIdahoIllinoisIndianaKansasKentuckyLouisianaMassachusettsMarylandMaineMichiganMinnesotaMissouriMississippiMontanaNorth CarolinaNorth DakotaNebraskaNew HampshireNew JerseyNew MexicoNevadaNew YorkOhioOklahomaOregonPennsylvaniaRhode IslandSouth CarolinaSouth DakotaTennesseeTexasUtahVirginiaVermontWashingtonWisconsinWest VirginiaWyomingDistrict Of Columbia

Colorado Legal Status

Type of Betting Offered: Retail (in-person) and online.

Notable Restrictions: None

Before you take you through the states offering legalized sports betting, it’s important to note that everything is localized. In other words, there are no federal laws focused on betting. Therefore, everything is done on a state level. That’s why some places have sportsbooks, and some don’t. Because of this, each state has its own unique laws. By and large, all US states offer similar betting conditions. However, there are some subtle differences.

The simple way to put it is that you need to be within a state and old enough to place a bet. The minimum age is 21 and every licensed sportsbook will use geolocation software to determine you’re within state lines. If you’re not, you won’t be able to bet. Naturally, if you’re placing a bet in-person, they’ll know you’re in the right place. Assuming you meet the entry conditions, you can bet on football, basketball, baseball, and more in the following states. There's a good reason that many of these operators offer mobile apps, especially if you fancy a quick trip across state lines to place a bet...

The Original US Sports Betting States

These four states were exempt from PASPA and, therefore, have offered some type of sports betting for years. However, their local laws have also been given a makeover to ensure the services permitted match those available elsewhere in the US.

Nevada Sports Betting

This is the original epicenter of sports betting in the US and remains so today.

Delaware Sports Betting

Having previously been limited to parimutuel betting, Delaware moved to full single-game betting in 2018. The notable exception here is the ban on bets involving in-state college teams.

Oregon Sports Betting

It took until 2019 for lawmakers to update existing laws and permit full sports betting in Oregon. Mobile betting was quickly made available alongside retail outlets. Betting is unrestricted at Chinook Winds Casino Resort, but sportsbooks operated by the Lottery are subject to a ban on in-state college games.

Montana Sports Betting

It might have taken until 2020, but Governor Steve Bullock did sign a Montana sports betting bill into law. There are no notable restrictions in this state.

US Sports Betting Laws Passed in 2018

The following US states all made sports betting legal in 2018, just weeks after the fall of PASPA:

New Jersey Sports Betting

Type of Betting Offered: Retail (in-person) and online

Notable Restrictions: No betting on in-state college teams or events

Mississippi Sports Betting

Type of Betting Offered: Retail (in-person)

Notable Restrictions: None

West Virginia Sports Betting

Type of Betting Offered: Retail (in-person) and online

Notable Restrictions: None

New Mexico Sports Betting

Type of Betting Offered: Retail (in-person)

Notable Restrictions: No betting on in-state college teams

Pennsylvania Sports Betting

Type of Betting Offered: Retail (in-person) and online

Notable Restrictions: None

Rhode Island Sports Betting

Type of Betting Offered: Retail (in-person) and online

Notable Restrictions: No betting on in-state college teams

US Sports Betting Laws Passed in 2019

Seeing the success places such as New Jersey were having with legalized sports betting, the following states enacted their own laws in 2019:

Arkansas Sports Betting

Type of Betting Offered: Retail (in-person)

Notable Restrictions: No betting on in-state college teams

New York Sports Betting

Type of Betting Offered: Retail (in-person) and online

Notable Restrictions: No betting on in-state college teams

Iowa Sports Betting

Type of Betting Offered: Retail (in-person) and online

Notable Restrictions: No prop bets on in-state college teams

Indiana Sports Betting

Type of Betting Offered: Retail (in-person) and online

Notable Restrictions: No prop bets on in-state college teams

New Hampshire Sports Betting

Type of Betting Offered: Online

Notable Restrictions: No betting on in-state college teams

US Sports Betting Laws Passed in 2020

2020 was a slower year for US sports betting regulations due, in part, to delays caused by COVID. However, the following states still managed to get bills signed into law and launch their first sportsbooks:

Illinois Sports Betting

Type of Betting Offered: Retail (in-person) and online

Notable Restrictions: No betting on in-state college teams or minor leagues

Michigan Sports Betting

Type of Betting Offered: Retail (in-person) and online

Notable Restrictions: None

Colorado Sports Betting

Type of Betting Offered: Retail (in-person) and online

Notable Restrictions: None

Washington D.C. Sports Betting and (Washington as of 2021)

Type of Betting Offered: Retail (in-person) and online in Washington D.C. – Only retail betting within other parts of Washington State, except tribal casinos where customers can use online sportsbooks while on the property

Notable Restrictions: No betting on in-state college teams or minor leagues

Tennessee Sports Betting

Type of Betting Offered: Online

Notable Restrictions: None

US Sports Betting Laws Passed in 2021

The backlog caused by COVID started to clear in 2021. That meant several states which were close to offering legal sports betting in 2020 sprung into life in 2021:

Virginia Sports Betting

Type of Betting Offered: Online

Notable Restrictions: No betting on in-state college or youth teams

North Carolina Sports Betting

Type of Betting Offered: Retail (in-person)

Notable Restrictions: None but bets must be made on tribal land and in of two retail locations

Wyoming Sports Betting

Type of Betting Offered: Online

Notable Restrictions: None, but all sportsbooks are online operators with no links to any bricks and mortar casinos

Arizona Sports Betting

Type of Betting Offered: Retail (in-person) and online

Notable Restrictions: None but operators are either tribal entities or commercial operators linked to sport venues

South Dakota Sports Betting

Type of Betting Offered: Retail (in-person) and onsite digital sportsbooks

Notable Restrictions: Laws are currently regional and based on tribal locations. Online sports betting is only allowed on casino premises.

Connecticut Sports Betting

Type of Betting Offered: Retail (in-person) and online

Notable Restrictions: No bets involving Connecticut university teams are allowed

North Dakota Sports Betting

Type of Betting Offered: Retail (in-person) Tribal

Notable Restrictions: Only tribal casinos in North Dakota can offer sports betting

States that Are Yet to Legalize Online Sports Betting

Sadly, the wave of legalized sports betting in America doesn’t always move as fast as some would like. Although more than 50% of the US now offers sports betting in one form or another, there are still plenty of lawmakers weighing up the merits of regulation.

The good news, however, is that almost all of the states yet to offer legal sportsbooks are either close to enacting new laws or are actively discussing them. This is why it’s so important to keep an eye on our legalization tracker. We update it each time a new state passes a law that allows locals to bet on sports. For now, the places below are yet to offer sports betting:

  • Alabama
  • Alaska
  • California
  • Georgia
  • Hawaii
  • Idaho
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Maine
  • Massachusetts
  • Minnesota
  • Missouri
  • Nebraska
  • Ohio
  • Oklahoma
  • South Carolina
  • Texas
  • Utah
  • Vermont
  • Wisconsin